June 26, 2010A
In January 1995, a Team of Botanists led by Dr. Mats Thulin of the Uppsala University, Sweden visited the Calmadow range, on behalf of Flora Somalia Project based in Uppsala. The survey was the most extensive botanical survey ever done in the area. About eight new species were discovered and this shows how far the area remained untouched for so many years. Many more plant species surely remain untouched for. A further full ecological research and investigation will undoubtedly provide many more new records for the country.
Furthermore, The area houses an important germplasm, which needs protection from the over-exploitation and senseless destruction of the humans. On the basis of the recent botanical survey in Calmadow, the team recommends that the Calmadow forest should be conserved as a national monument. They play an important role in the mountainous ecosystem and represent a valuable natural resource
In addition, the forests offer unique opportunities for education and research. The agricultural benefit of clearing of those forests would be negligible. The development of wildlife reserve would be the use of these areas in Calmadow. International support should encourage the development of a Study Center, which would increase awareness of the value of forest and provide long-term employment benefits. Some of the degraded forest should be brought to a more natural state while other areas are developed for timber, fuel-wood and honey production. Improved systems of the present farming, education and medical facilities are crucial to the success of the Wildlife Reserve.
Finally and more importantly, despite the civil war that ravaged Somalia, the Calmadow region remains relatively calm and peaceful. Therefore, the area is very safe for any project, the local people are very supportive, and peace minded. This has been fully confirmed by the Botanist Team who recently visited the area.