The conservation of tropical forests is now a major international concern since they contain approximately 50% of all species and play important roles in prevention of flooding, siltation, soil erosion, water catchments and regulation of climate.

Calmadow’s environment suffered greatly in recent years, along with its ecology, many of which are unique to Calmadow. Most of the remaining forests are small and fragmented and none are protected. Although the local knowledge of natural resources in calmadow is great, agriculturally and social projects, UN and foreign-aided development schemes usually fail to consider or make use of this knowledge.

Detailed studies of conserving the Calmadow is needed to highlight the present status of these areas and provide guidelines for sustainable agricultural use and point to the benefits of conserving scarce forest resources, with the lack of proper utilization and conservation and the continuation of destroying the plants, then the livestock and the plants will die together and there will be nothing left for many generations to come. There are so many under-exploited Calmadow plants that their proper study and assessment would be sure to yield benefit both to the people and to medical science.

The flora of Somalia contains more than 3000 species of vascular plants and is thus much richer than that of Sahel region in general and this constitutes unique genetic resources. Of the 156 plant families recorded from Somalia about 21% are restricted to the north, while 11% are found in the south. Somalia houses a greater number of endemic plant species, many of which occur in the north and eastern regions notably Calmadow. Most of these species are beautiful herbs, which occur nowhere else in the world.